Sclerotheraphy is a method of treatment that has been known for nearly 100 years. In recent years there have been tremendous developments to the methods applying injections to veins for treatment.
Today, sclerotherapy is performed after the use of venous Doppler-ultrasound testing. In most cases the substance used is atoxisklerol which contains high percentages of alcohol. In some cases the dilated veins are injected with a foamed material.
The substance creates a local mild infection which cases the clogging of the veins and their eventual disappearance within weeks or months.
In some cases ultrasound technology is used to ease the identification of damaged veins and for guidance towards the appropriate injection site. Use of foamed substances for injections enables the reduction of the concentration of materials and treatment of wider areas.
This system of treatment reduces the risks of complications following treatment. The treatment itself can be completed in several minutes each time and allows for immediate return to normal activity. Such injections must be followed by the use of appropriate elastic stockings.
Injections to capillaries
Injection to capillaries is done with the use of the same substances used for greater veins, using reduces concentrations and much finer needles.
Rates of success and adverse effects The rates of success for injection treatments depends first and foremost on the selection of cases suited for such treatment. In treating appropriate cases of veins and capillaries the levels of success are very high. When attempting to treat cases not suited for such therapy the rates of success are very low.
Complications and adverse affects include failure of the treatment, stinging sensation, discomfort, local change of skin color, and signs of local infection. In rare cases the patient can develop deep vein infection or an allergic reaction to the injected substance.